2017 Integrated Report – Departure into a new era
Forward-thinking for ...
strengthening the competitiveness of our core business,
ensuring our ability to cope with challenges in the future and
realizing opportunities for growth.

We are addressing the central issues facing
the future of mobility and logistics

»What makes tomorrow’s rail transport fit for the future?«

What makes tomorrow’s rail transport
fit for the future?

Digitalization offers rail transport an opportunity for an unprecedented surge in growth
Rapid development of digital technologies opens up fundamentally new possibilities for making the rail mode of transport fit for the future. Our program Digital Rail for Germany seizes upon these opportunities, aiming for better performance, higher quality and greater efficiency.

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»How does a city become a smart city?«

How does a city
become a smart city?

What does the city of tomorrow look like?
With the smart cities initiative, we are developing new concepts for inner-city mobility (smart bike, demand-responsive transport), logistics (cargo bikes, smart lockers) and railway stations as attractions (improving the quality of visits, finding new concepts for usage, for example coworking spaces). Forming the basis for a fully optimized service, a comprehensive data platform is in development that will link the range of services together.

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»How do we design customized and interlinked mobility solutions?«

How do we design customized and interlinked mobility solutions?

Modern, flexible and customized mobility solutions
Flexible and accessible mobility solutions for everyone – anywhere, anytime, whether in large cities or in the countryside and without owning a car – that’s what ioki is all about. The brand consolidates on-demand services, mobility analytics and autonomous transport into a one-stop service. ioki offers coordinated modular solutions, from IT platforms and apps, to driver-specific and autonomous vehicle designs, to traffic analytics that can be gathered specifically for any purpose at any time.

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»How will we use interlinked and driverless vehicles for future transport?«

How will we use interlinked and driverless vehicles for future transport?

Driverless and linked vehicles will radically change road freight transport
The program assesses the impact of (partly) automated vehicles on value creation in the logistics sector and promotes the pertinent features.

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What makes tomorrow’s rail transport
fit for the future?

Digitalization offers rail transport an opportunity for an unprecedented surge in growth
Rapid development of digital technologies opens up fundamentally new possibilities for making the rail mode of transport fit for the future. Our program Digital Rail for Germany seizes upon these opportunities, aiming for better performance, higher quality and greater efficiency.

Up to
0
percent more capacity on the German rail network

Improving track infrastructure with digitalization
The European train control system (ETCS) is the cornerstone of Digital Rail for Germany. This new technology standard for the rail network ensures stable and efficient rail operations and transnational interoperability. ETCS is the foundation for many forward-looking technologies and offers the rail industry major market potential around the globe. Preparations are underway to upgrade rail operations, considerably improving their efficiency with enhanced quality, reliability and punctuality. This work is carried out in conjunction with digital interlockings, which require far less cabling with fewer maintenance costs in comparison with the 100 different models currently in use.

Icon reliability
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Improved reliability
Remote diagnostic systems and innovative obstacle detection systems allow trains to run more reliably and on time, leading to fewer service interruptions.
Long-term upgrades to the quality of rail operations.

Increased capacity
Standardized digital systems offer up to 20% more network capacity.
Digitalized scheduling and dispatching processes, as well as smart control technology, enable trains to run in closer succession, thereby optimizing the use of track infrastructure.

Greater efficiency
The widespread implementation of standardized systems, such as ETCS and digital signaling technology, will reduce costs significantly.
Rail operations can be made more cost-effective by removing external systems such as physical signals and reducing the number of interlockings.

A key opportunity for Germany
State-of-the-art infrastructureis being developed as a result of the Digital Rail for Germany program. A capital expenditure project on this scale strengthens Germany’s reputation as a place for innovation and industry. The industrial sector is gaining a technological edge and attractive employment opportunities are being created. Expertise and technology can be exported and used to boost Germany’s competitive edge on the world stage. Along with the government, the whole sector is collectively responsible for constructing and implementing the upgrades. The Federal Government is currently carrying out a feasibility study on the core elements of ETCS and digital interlockings. Railway companies, industry professionals, authorities and expert communities are engaged in discussions and will actively support the process.

Better for the environment
Shifting traffic to the rail system is good for the environment. Digital Rail for Germany is working to boost this environmental benefit by making operations smoother. Stop-and-go wastes energy – especially true for heavy freight trains. Having additional resources on the railways will reduce harmful emissions even further.

Upgrading vehicles with digitalization
In order to take full advantage of the new opportunities created by a digitalized track infrastructure, the vehicles also need to be fitted with the appropriate on-board equipment. More benefits are possible through fitting vehicles with smart sensor equipment for object detection, using new tracking technologies and a high-performance mobile communications environment. This would make it possible for trains to run in closer succession, for example, and even become fully automated in the future. It is important to equip infrastructure and vehicles at the same time with cutting-edge technology and to keep them up-to-date so that the benefits can be maximized.

How does a city
become a smart city?

What does the city of tomorrow look like?
With the smart cities initiative, we are developing new concepts for inner-city mobility (smart bike, demand-responsive transport), logistics (cargo bikes, smart lockers) and railway stations as attractions (improving the quality of visits, finding new concepts for usage, for example coworking spaces). Forming the basis for a fully optimized service, a comprehensive data platform is in development that will link the range of services together.

0
smart lockers planned for installation at up to 50 stations in the HVV network in Hamburg

3
Hamburg railway stations will be piloted first

100
on-demand shuttle buses in Hamburg in 2018

50
smart lockers planned for installation at up to 50 stations in the HVV network in Hamburg

1
micro-depot already in operation

Collaborative partnerships with cities
The services are designed collectively with the cities. We support the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg in its preparations to host the Intelligent Transport Systems World Congress (ITS) in 2021. In July 2017, a collective Memorandum of Understanding was signed by the First Mayor of Hamburg, Olaf Scholz, the Chief Executive Officer of Deutsche Bahn, Dr. Richard Lutz, and the Management Board member for Infrastructure, Ronald Pofalla. Hamburg is therefore the pilot city for our smart cities operations.

Increasing mobility and logistics on the roads have long caused problems, but we are creating solutions with our smart cities approach. We aim to improve the quality of life for city residents’ through comfortable, affordable and eco-friendly services.

Dr. Meike Niedbal
Head of Smart Cities Deutsche Bahn AG

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Icon Cities
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Data
Smart city platform
Smart links between services to give them added value

Cities
Overall appearance of cities to be collectively designed in Data response to challenges

Mobility
Smart bike rental systems
Demand-responsive transport

Railway stations
Improving the quality of visits
Coworking

Logistics
Smart lockers
Cargo bikes

How do we design customized and interlinked mobility solutions?

Modern, flexible and customized mobility solutions
Flexible and accessible mobility solutions for everyone – anywhere, anytime, whether in large cities or in the countryside and without owning a car – that’s what ioki is all about. The brand consolidates on-demand services, mobility analytics and autonomous transport into a one-stop service. ioki offers coordinated modular solutions, from IT platforms and apps, to driver-specific and autonomous vehicle designs, to traffic analytics that can be gathered specifically for any purpose at any time.

On-demand carSmartphone

Not replacing local public transport, but expanding it
ioki aims to have a closer connection between the roads and the rails and to transform road transport, making it more sustainable and more efficient. The market for customized public mobility solutions is expanding along these lines and mobility services that meet customers’ individual needs are being developed and integrated with local public transport.

Icon On-demand services
Icon Mobility analytics
Icon Autonomous transport
Smartphone

On-demand services
ioki aspires to provide smart interlinked and integrated demand-responsive transport solutions. Transport lines and vehicles should have state-of-the-art equipment, which then enables users to have a shared, but nevertheless individual, driving experience.

City

Mobility analytics
Traffics flows can be analyzed in real-time so mobility analytics are able to detect updates to traffic situations early. Big data analysis tools help identify cost-effective and eco-friendly areas of application.

ioki bus

Autonomous transport
This is being taken to the next level – driverless transport is the future, and that is why ioki is already taking action to make on-demand transport with driverless vehi- cles a reality.

Harnessing digitalization
What makes the on-demand mobility services special is the ability to book them digitally. ioki has created an IT platform that receives requests for transport, intelligently processes them and transmits the information onwards. The secret lies in its algorithm, which enables smart pooling and routing.

Autonomous bus
About
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passengers have already traveled with our first autonomous bus service in Bad Birnbach.

Digitalization creates new forms of mobility that we are eager to utilize in smart ways – our mission is to incorporate demand-responsive transport solutions into public transport, in combination with autonomous vehicles and e-mobility solutions – every day, we work on making customized mobility possible.

Michael Barillère-Scholz
Head of ioki

Developing and testing new services
ioki is currently developing and testing new road transport services – the first autonomous bus service in Bad Birnbach as well as on-demand transport services in Frankfurt am Main and in the town of Wittlich in Rhinland- Palatinate. In Frankfurt more than half of the fleet is already electrified – and counting. The aim is to deploy electric vehicles nationwide in the future in order to ease the burden on traffic and the environment. In Frankfurt more than 6,000 DB employees have been transported and more than 5,000 bus journeys have been made in Bad Birnbach.

How will we use interlinked and driverless vehicles for future transport?

Driverless and linked vehicles will radically change road freight transport
The program assesses the impact of (partly) automated vehicles on value creation in the logistics sector and promotes the pertinent features.

1. Two MAN trucks are digitally linked whilst driving in convoy and together they create a “platoon.” All control signals are transmitted directly from the leading truck to the one behind. The vehicle behind directly reacts to the signals at the same time as the one in front without the driver actively intervening.

2. The distance between the two trucks varies over the course of the test drive. In certain traffic situations, the platoon disbands and the gap widens. As soon as this occurs, the driver in the truck behind regains complete control over the vehicle.

Platooning tested on roads
Together with project partners MAN Truck&Bus and the Fresenius University of Applied Sciences, DB Schenker is conducting a pilot project that is testing platooning for the first time in real-life situations. By examining different features, it will be possible to draw conclusions from the tests and gain insights into the design for its use on highways nationwide. It will also be possible to sketch out the operating conditions. For the next round of assessment, tasks have been prepared and scheduled for testing autonomous truck runs in the terminal areas.

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Fuel consumption drops by up to 10% when wind resistance is reduced and a constant driving speed is maintained.

DB Schenker is carrying out pioneering work with its project partners. Together, we are bringing truck platooning technology one step closer to the market in Germany. The project demonstrates our aspirations and ambitions to be the supplier of innovative transport and logistics solutions in the interests of our customers.

Jochen Thewes
CEO of DB Schenker

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