Based on our own estimates, volume sold in motorized private transport has increased moderately:
This was driven by the higher, but still low, fuel prices and increased real disposable income:
The market share remained stable at 84.3%.
The volume sold in rail passenger transport grew noticeably:
Regional and long-distance transport benefited equally from the solid income and employment situation, rising fuel prices and the consolidation of the long-distance bus market.
DB’s volume sold rose sharply. DB Long-Distance made gains due to supply and quality improvements. DB Regional recorded growth due to strong demand for S-Bahn (metro) transport and tendering profits in Schleswig-Holstein.
Non-Group railways recorded increases in volume sold, particularly in regional transport. In long-distance transport, Locomore made gains with a new Stuttgart – Berlin service. Following insolvency during the year, Leo Express took over the company and cooperated with FlixBus subsidiary FlixTrain for sales.
The market share of rail passenger transport rose to 8.5%.
The volume sold in public road transport stagnated.
Long-distance bus transport shrank for the first time since market liberalization, mainly as a result of supplier consolidation. Market leader FlixBus increased its offerings during the year and achieved a market share of over 90%.
Local bus services, in particular in conurbations, benefited from extended supply, a rising population and employment figures, and stable trainee numbers.
DB’s volume sold declined due to a fall in demand for rural bus services and lost tender procedures.
The market share of public road transport fell to 6.3%.
Volume sold in air transport increased slightly:
Demand in German domestic air transport was driven by an increase in real disposable incomes, intense competition due to the increasing presence of low-cost airlines at major airports and the expansion of the Lufthansa subsidiary Eurowings.
Restrictions resulted in particular from the insolvency of Air Berlin since fall 2017 and personnel and planning problems at Ryanair, with the temporary suspension of the Cologne – Berlin route. Lufthansa acquired large parts of Air Berlin and thus secured a dominant position in domestic air transport.
The air transport market share remained stable at 0.9%.