2017 Integrated Report – Departure into a new era

Significant increase in revenues

Revenue performance was notably positive, with contributions from virtually all business units. It was largely driven by increased performance, with DB Schenker performing especially well.

  • The revenue development of business unitswas positive, with the exception of DB Cargo.
  • Restrictions in rail operations had negative effects on revenue development totaling over 100 million.
  • The special items in the year under review and the previous year were the result of revenue discounts for previous years.
  • Changes in the scope of consolidation affected DB Arriva (+41 million), DB Schenker (+27 million), DB Cargo (+9 million) and the Other division (+1 million).
  • The effects of exchange-rate changes were attributable to DB Arriva (227 million), DB Schenker (171 million) and DB Cargo (17 million).
  • Revenues increased even more strongly on a comparable basis (adjusted for special items, exchange rate changes and changes in the scope of consolidation).

Revenues adjusted (€ million)

2017

2016

Change

absolute

%

DB Group

42,693

40,557

+ 2,136

+ 5.3

Special items

11

19

– 8

– 42.1

DB Group adjusted

42,704

40,576

+ 2,128

+ 5.2

Changes in the scope
of consolidation

– 78

– 24

– 54

Exchange-rate changes

415

+ 415

DB Group – comparable

43,041

40,552

+ 2,489

+ 6.1

External revenues by
business units
(€ million)

2017

2016

Change

absolute

%

DB Long-Distance

4,193

4,012

+ 181

+ 4.5

DB Regional

8,629

8,529

+ 100

+ 1.2

DB Arriva

5,338

5,085

+ 253

+ 5.0

DB Cargo

4,209

4,230

– 21

– 0.5

DB Schenker

16,345

15,059

+ 1,286

+ 8.5

DB Netze Track

1,522

1,408

+ 114

+ 8.1

DB Netze Stations

540

519

+ 21

+ 4.0

DB Netze Energy

1,301

1,194

+ 107

+ 9.0

Other

627

540

+ 87

+ 16.1

DB Group adjusted

42,704

40,576

+ 2,128

+ 5.2

Revenue structure virtually unchanged

CHART 2571

External revenue structure (%)

2017

 

2016

DB Long-Distance

9.8

9.9

DB Regional

20.2

21.0

DB Arriva

12.5

12.5

DB Cargo

9.9

10.4

DB Schenker

38.3

37.1

DB Netze Track

3.6

3.5

DB Netze Stations

1.3

1.3

DB Netze Energy

3.0

2.9

Other

1.4

1.4

DB Group

100

100

There were no significant changes to the revenue structure at business unit level.

External revenues by regions (€ million)

2017

2016

 Change

absolute

%

Germany

24,093

23,200

+ 893

+ 3.8

Europe (excluding Germany)

13,318

12,723

+ 595

+ 4.7

Asia/Pacific

2,935

2,587

+ 348

+ 13.5

North America

1,801

1,577

+ 224

+ 14.2

Rest of world

557

489

+ 68

+ 13.9

DB Group adjusted

42,704

40,576

+ 2,128

+ 5.2

Revenue development in the individual regions was driven primarily by positive business and volume development.

  • Revenues in Germany rose, especially owing to growth in the Infrastructure, DB Long-Distance and DB Regional business units. The main negative effects were restrictions in rail operationsand a performance-related decline in revenues at DB Cargo.
  • Revenue development in Europe (excluding Germany) was positive, driven by new services at DB Arriva and busi­­ness development at DB Schenker. Negative exchange rate effects from the development of the British pound had a dampening effect.
  • Revenues increased in the Asia/Pacific and North America regions as a result of business development at DB Schenker. This was offset by negative exchange rate effects.
CHART 2572