2017 Integrated Report – Departure into a new era

DB Group

Basic understanding of DB Group

Passenger transport

Freight transport & logistics

Infrastructure

Integrated rail system

Integrated rail system

The main components of our integrated rail system are our passenger transport activities in Germany, our rail freight transport activities, the operating service units and the rail infrastructure companies (RIC).

Long-distance transport

Fast and comfortable long-distance transport connections in Germany and in the major metropolises of the neighboring countries by rail in day-to-day transport are the core business of DB Long-Distance. The main focus of the activities is on product and service quality to ensure efficient and reliable operation in the interests of the customers. We drive over 1,300 trains per day for our customers.

Regional transport

DB Regio Rail operates a nationwide regional transport network in regional rail passenger transport. The transport is financed by concession fees and farebox revenues. DB Regional provides an offer adapted to regional and local transport needs on behalf of the contracting organizations. Nationwide 27 contracting organizations award the regional rail passenger transport networks in the competition. With a market share of more than 70%, DB Regional forms the backbone of the regional rail passenger transport market in Germany.

Bus transport

In Germany DB Regio Bus bundles 26 regional and long-distance bus companies throughout Germany, divided into 7 regions. DB Regio Bus is the market leader in the German regional bus market. We have over 400 counties and county-level cities as customers. The DB Regio Bus is optimally positioned for the needs of our clients. The IC Bus supplements rail services on specific domestic and international routes.

Additional mobility services

The number of Call a Bike and Flinkster users has grown to a total of about 1.4 million customers.

Customers of »Flinkster – Mein Carsharing« is available in Germany at 2,500 stations in about 400 towns and cities with over 3.600 vehicles, thereof about 400 electric vehicles. Through numerous cooperations not only in the neighboring countries Austria, Italy, Switzerland and the Netherlands, but also worldwide from Spain via South Africa to Australia, further cars can be booked.

With the launch of LIDL-BIKE in Berlin in March and FordPass Bike in Cologne and Düsseldorf in October, the number of bicycles in the Call a Bike family has increased significantly. With over 15,600 bikes we have asserted ourselves in the field of bike rental system as the German market leader.

Rail freight transport

DB Cargo covers our Europe-wide rail freight operations in the three regions East, Central and West. With about 4,200 customer sidings in Europe, DB Cargo provides its customers with access to one of the biggest rail networks in the world and is thus the number one in European rail freight transport. The international network stretches along the huge European freight transport corridor. This means that rail transport is offered across Europe in the product areas of block trains, single wagon and combined transport. Individual industry solutions complete the range of services offered. Mainly self-owned traction units and freight cars are used to provide services. The customer structure is characterized by major customers.

Rail network

DB Netze Track is the largest and most efficient rail infrastructure operator in Europe, responsible for the about 33,000 kilometer long rail network and all operation-critical facilities. DB Netze Track is responsible for ensuring the smooth operation of rail transport in Germany 365 days a year, thus securing more than 1 billion train path kilometers per year.

DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory network access for all aithorized rail infrastructure companies (RIC), public transport authorities, and carriers and shippers. Implementation will be carried out in close cooperation with the Federal Network Agency.

Stations

The stations are the gateway to the train and at the same time the calling card of cities and regions. With their appearance and performance, they contribute significantly to customer satisfaction and determine the attractiveness of rail transport. DB Netze Stations operates about 5,400 stations, each of which has 109 rail infrastructure companies (RICs) with more than 18 million passengers per day.

Energy supply

In Germany, DB Netze Energy offers all industry-standard energy products in the areas of traction energy and stationary energy. Not only rail power and diesel for rail transport, but also electricity, gas and heat at stations of the DB Group are provided by DB Netze Energy.

Bus transport

In the bus transport DB Group is represented throughout Europe. DB Arriva operates about 17,000 buses in 14 countries in Europe (Denmark, United Kingdom, Italy, Croatia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Czech Republic and Hungary). The largest market for DB Arriva is the Freat Britain.

Rail transport

Outside Germany, DB Arriva operates in rail transport in eight European countries (Denmark, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and the Czech Republic). In addition, DB Arriva participates in tenders for rail transport throughout Europe.

European land transport

With about 22,000 employees at about 720 locations, DB Schenker is number one in European land transport. DB Schenker offers its customers time and cost-optimized services for general cargo, part and full load transport. The range includes rail-based logistics chains for the European and transcontinental market. They combine the advantages railway and truck modes of transport. DB Schenker has a dense European transport network, from Spain and Portugal to the Urals, from Finland to Sicily, Romania and Turkey.

Ocean freight

DB Schenker is number 3 in worldwide ocean freight. Our world-leading global ocean freight network covers about 130 countries around the world with about 800 DB Schenker locations. DB Schenker brings more than 5,500 containers to the ports of the world every day. This makes us a top freight company for your ocean freight shipments. With our services, we ship more than 5,500 containers per day around the world.

Air freight

DB Schenker is number 3 in worldwide airfreight. With a network of around 700 locations in 130 countries and an air freight volume of more than 1.3 million tons in 2017, we have a worldwide presence for our customers. By working together with a few selected partners, we ensure the highest quality for our customers.

Contract logistics

In contract logistics, DB Schenker, with about 22,000 employees on all continents, offers tailored logistics solutions for industry and commerce at about 750 locations. In 2017, we have a total warehouse area of 8.0 million m2 worldwide. DB Schenker ranks 5th in contract logistics worldwide.

Additional information
basic understanding

Details basic understanding

Integrated rail system
The main components of our integrated rail system are our passenger transport activities in Germany, our rail freight transport activities, the operating service units and the rail infrastructure companies (RIC).

Long-distance transport
Fast and comfortable long-distance transport connections in Germany and in the major metropolises of the neighboring countries by rail in day-to-day transport are the core business of DB Long-Distance. The main focus of the activities is on product and service quality to ensure efficient and reliable operation in the interests of the customers. We drive over 1,300 trains per day for our customers.

Regional transport
DB Regio Rail operates a nationwide regional transport network in regional rail passenger transport. The transport is financed by concession fees and farebox revenues. DB Regional provides an offer adapted to regional and local transport needs on behalf of the contracting organizations. Nationwide 27 contracting organizations award the regional rail passenger transport networks in the competition. With a market share of more than 70%, DB Regional forms the backbone of the regional rail passenger transport market in Germany.

Bus transport
In Germany DB Regio Bus bundles 26 regional and long-distance bus companies throughout Germany, divided into 7 regions. DB Regio Bus is the market leader in the German regional bus market. We have over 400 counties and county-level cities as customers. The DB Regio Bus is optimally positioned for the needs of our clients. The IC Bus supplements rail services on specific domestic and international routes.

Additional mobility services
The number of Call a Bike and Flinkster users has grown to a total of about 1.4 million customers.

Customers of »Flinkster – Mein Carsharing« is available in Germany at 2,500 stations in about 400 towns and cities with over 3.600 vehicles, thereof about 400 electric vehicles. Through numerous cooperations not only in the neighboring countries Austria, Italy, Switzerland and the Netherlands, but also worldwide from Spain via South Africa to Australia, further cars can be booked.

With the launch of LIDL-BIKE in Berlin in March and FordPass Bike in Cologne and Düsseldorf in October, the number of bicycles in the Call a Bike family has increased significantly. With over 15,600 bikes we have asserted ourselves in the field of bike rental system as the German market leader.

Rail freight transport
DB Cargo covers our Europe-wide rail freight operations in the three regions East, Central and West. With about 4,200 customer sidings in Europe, DB Cargo provides its customers with access to one of the biggest rail networks in the world and is thus the number one in European rail freight transport. The international network stretches along the huge European freight transport corridor. This means that rail transport is offered across Europe in the product areas of block trains, single wagon and combined transport. Individual industry solutions complete the range of services offered. Mainly self-owned traction units and freight cars are used to provide services. The customer structure is characterized by major customers.

Rail network
DB Netze Track is the largest and most efficient rail infrastructure operator in Europe, responsible for the about 33,000 kilometer long rail network and all operation-critical facilities. DB Netze Track is responsible for ensuring the smooth operation of rail transport in Germany 365 days a year, thus securing more than 1 billion train path kilometers per year.

DB Netz AG ensures non-discriminatory network access for all aithorized rail infrastructure companies (RIC), public transport authorities, and carriers and shippers. Implementation will be carried out in close cooperation with the Federal Network Agency.

Stations
The stations are the gateway to the train and at the same time the calling card of cities and regions. With their appearance and performance, they contribute significantly to customer satisfaction and determine the attractiveness of rail transport. DB Netze Stations operates about 5,400 stations, each of which has 109 rail infrastructure companies (RICs) with more than 18 million passengers per day.

Energy supply
In Germany, DB Netze Energy offers all industry-standard energy products in the areas of traction energy and stationary energy. Not only rail power and diesel for rail transport, but also electricity, gas and heat at stations of the DB Group are provided by DB Netze Energy.

Bus transport
In the bus transport DB Group is represented throughout Europe. DB Arriva operates about 17,000 buses in 14 countries in Europe (Denmark, United Kingdom, Italy, Croatia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Czech Republic and Hungary). The largest market for DB Arriva is the Freat Britain.

Rail transport
Outside Germany, DB Arriva operates in rail transport in eight European countries (Denmark, Great Britain, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Sweden and the Czech Republic). In addition, DB Arriva participates in tenders for rail transport throughout Europe.

European land transport
With about 22,000 employees at about 720 locations, DB Schenker is number one in European land transport. DB Schenker offers its customers time and cost-optimized services for general cargo, part and full load transport. The range includes rail-based logistics chains for the European and transcontinental market. They combine the advantages railway and truck modes of transport. DB Schenker has a dense European transport network, from Spain and Portugal to the Urals, from Finland to Sicily, Romania and Turkey.

Ocean freight
DB Schenker is number 3 in worldwide ocean freight. Our world-leading global ocean freight network covers about 130 countries around the world with about 800 DB Schenker locations. DB Schenker brings more than 5,500 containers to the ports of the world every day. This makes us a top freight company for your ocean freight shipments. With our services, we ship more than 5,500 containers per day around the world.

Air freight
DB Schenker is number 3 in worldwide airfreight. With a network of around 700 locations in 130 countries and an air freight volume of more than 1.3 million tons in 2017, we have a worldwide presence for our customers. By working together with a few selected partners, we ensure the highest quality for our customers.

Contract logistics
In contract logistics, DB Schenker, with about 22,000 employees on all continents, offers tailored logistics solutions for industry and commerce at about 750 locations. In 2017, we have a total warehouse area of 8.0 million m2 worldwide. DB Schenker ranks 5th in contract logistics worldwide.

Deutsche Bahn Group (DB Group) is an international provider of mobility and logistics services operating globally in more than 130 countries. Its headquarters are in Berlin. DB Group has more than 310,000 employees, with almost 40% employed outside Germany. We design and operate the transport networks of the future. By integrating transport and rail infrastructure, as well as through the economically and environmentally intelligent linking of all modes of transport, we move both people and goods. 

In passenger transport, we transport more than 12.5 million people each day on our trains and buses throughout Europe. In freight transport and logistics, our European network transports over 270 million t of goods per year by rail, and over 100 million shipments by road. Our global networks move about 1.3 million t of freight by air and nearly 2.2 million TEU by sea. At about 33,000 km, our rail network in Germany is Europe’s longest. We are also the fifth-largest energy provider in Germany. The main components of our integrated rail system are our passenger transport activities in Germany, our rail freight transport activities, the operating service units and the rail infrastructure companies (RIC).

Deutsche Bahn AG (DB AG) has been a stock corporation under German law since it was founded in 1994. Accordingly, it has a dual management and control structure comprising a Management Board and a Supervisory Board. It is wholly owned by the Federal Republic of Germany (Federal Government).

Within DB Group, DB AG manages all the business units in its function as an operating management holding company and supports the business units via various central group functions (including legal, corporate development, Group controlling and finance and treasury) and administrative service units. In addition, operational service units, as legally independent DB AG affiliates, primarily provide services for internal customers. These include DB Systel GmbH, DB Sicherheit GmbH, DB Services GmbH and DB Kommunikationstechnik GmbH. The RIC are legally independent companies with separate balance sheets and statements of income, and thus fulfill all un­­bundling requirements under European and national law. There is also a functional unbundling, which guarantees the independence of decisions by DB Netz AG on infrastructure access and charges. Reliability and stability provide proof of the high quality of the infrastructure. The essential cornerstones for profitable business are sustainable financing of the existing infrastructure and its expansion as required. The performance and financing agreement (Leistungs- und Finanzierungsvereinbarung; LuFV) contributes significantly to ensuring the maintenance of the existing network.

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